this report is based on the u.s. home care franchise industry. the data contained in this report was drawn from the franchise disclosure documents (fdd) of a representative sample of 18 home care franchises and published industry sources.
defining home care
home care refers to a wide range of services that are provided for individuals with restricted mobility either in their own homes or in a senior care facility. the u.s. senate special committee released a report on aging in february, 2000 that described home care as the following:
“it [long-term care] differs from other types of health care in that the goal of long-term care is not to cure an illness, but to allow an individual to attain and maintain an optimal level of functioning….
long-term care encompasses a wide array of medical, social, personal, and supportive and specialized housing services needed by individuals who have lost some capacity for self-care because of a chronic illness or disabling condition”1
individuals may require long-term home care if they suffer from a chronic condition or illness that limits their ability to carry out basic self-care tasks, called activities of daily living (adls), (bathing, dressing or eating), or instrumental activities of daily living (iadls) (household chores, meal preparation, or managing money). most home care is non-medical and is provided by paraprofessionals. some aspects of home care can only be provided by licensed professionals and so franchises may employ licensed professionals in order to offer this medical care.
for more detailed information on the services provided by home care franchises, please see “types of home care”
a brief history of home care